Emergency conditions

Inability to urinate and defecate in dogs and cats

Difficult or disabled urination in dogs and cats occurs for several reasons, and one of the most common is obstruction of the urinary tract by urinary stones or crystals. In cats, urethral obstruction, which results in inability or difficulty urinating, belongs to a syndrome called FLUTD (Feline lower urinary tract disease) and is common in veterinary practice.

sick cat

It most often occurs in uncastrated cats and can result in complete blockage of urine flow from the bladder to the outside environment and is a condition that requires urgent veterinary intervention because it can lead to disorders at the level of the whole organism. Owners may notice attempts to place the sand in a urinary position, with a small amount of urine coming out, which can often be red (hematuria – blood in the urine). The process of urination is extremely painful, and the animals often make loud noises, and it is possible to urinate outside the place provided for that. If such changes are noticed in cats, they need to be urgently referred to a veterinarian in order to unblock the urinary tract and stabilize the general condition of the patient. Due to obstruction, there are systemic changes in the form of imbalances in electrolytes, the inability to excrete harmful substances from the body through urine, and their retention. After stabilization of the patient and unblocking, intensive care and detailed analyzes are often needed to tell us the reason for the obstruction and whether there is a possibility of preventing the problem by changing the diet, giving drug therapy or changing the animal’s behavior, and whether surgery is needed to permanently resolve it. existing problem. In female cats, problems of this nature occur less frequently due to the size of the urinary tract. Also, the occurrence in male dogs is far more common than in females and may require a similar intervention as in cats.

Constipation or constipation often occurs in pets, especially in cats. They are characterized by painful or absent defecation and damaged colon. In severe cases, enemas are necessary. When the colon is permanently dilated and with hypomotility (megacolon), surgical repair of the problem is necessary, but it is performed with an uncertain prognosis. Constipation means the rare or difficult evacuation of feces, which is usually dry and hard. In most cases, the problem is easily solved; however, in debilitated animals, the accompanying clinical signs may be severe. As the feces stay in the colon longer, it becomes drier, harder, and harder to pass. Constipation is constipation, which is characterized by the impossibility of evacuating a mass of dry, hard fecal contents. Megacolon is a pathological condition of hypomotility and expansion of the colon that results in constipation. In some cases of constipation, cats completely lose their appetite, become uninterested in the environment and their general condition is endangered. Therefore, the intervention of the veterinarian is of crucial importance, and it is reflected in the stabilization of the patient and the removal of the contents from the intestine. In dogs, the problem of constipation and constipation often occurs when there are bones in the dog’s diet, and in addition to intestinal obstruction, due to parts of the bones that are swallowed during chewing, damage to the intestinal wall can occur and often requires surgery.