Tag - dry eye disease

Medial canthal entropion in pugs

What is the medial canthal entropion of the eyelid?

Medial entropion is a phenomenon in which the eyelid at the inner corner of the eye (corner adjacent to the nasal region) is rotated inward. This results in direct contact of the hair of the rotated eyelid and corneal surface, which further results in corneal irritation, inflammation and/or ulceration. This is a common condition in brachiocephalic breeds of dogs, especially in Pugs, Pekingese, Shih Tzu, but also in brachiocephalic breeds of cats (Persian cat). (more…)

Third eyelid gland prolapse

Prolapse of the gland of the third eyelid

Prolapse of the gland of the third eyelid is a condition in which the lacrimal gland of the third eyelid falls out of its normal position, which causes its swelling and loss of secretory function. This condition can cause eye irritation, discomfort, decreased tear production, and formation of the corneal scar. The prolapsed gland of the third eyelid should not be removed but repositioned to its physiological location, and this is achieved by surgical intervention.

Prolapse of the gland of the third eyelid (arrows) is a common problem in dogs and cats. If left untreated, it can lead to dry eye disease and corneal damage.

How to apply eye drops in dogs?

Instructions for applying local eye therapy in animals

Unfortunately, many pets are not very cooperative when it comes to the application of eye medications. That is why we always advise giving them a small reward in the form of a treat every time you treat them, which makes the pet much more cooperative during the next therapy.

To keep your pet from moving away from you, it helps to have a wall behind it while you are holding it firmly. If so, shake eye drops before use. With one hand, lift your pet's snout up and pull the upper lid until the whites become visible. With the other hand, apply one drop of the medication or the prescribed amount of ointment. After applying the medication, release the eyelid and reward the dog.

If it is necessary to put ointment, then first drip the drops and then apply the ointment. Wait at least 3-4 minutes between each medicine, ie. when you pour the drops, wait a few minutes and then apply the ointment.

You can wrap cats, small dogs and birds in a towel so that only the head protrudes


Glaucoma in dogs

Glaucoma and glaucoma therapy

Glaucoma is a combination of several pathological conditions of the eye, which progressively advance, leading to weakening of sight, and resulting in characteristic changes in the optic nerve, and are always associated with increased intraocular pressure. In veterinary medicine, it is one of the most common causes of vision loss.